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The United States of America is the fourth largest country in the world, and is the third most populous. It is a federal republic which comprises of fifty states, a federal district and five major self-governing territories. The capital of the country is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, and they stretch across nine time zones. This shows how vast the country is. The United States is the founding member of the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. It is a highly developed country, and has the fastest growing economy.
The land area of the contiguous United States is 2,959,064 square miles. The largest state of America is Alaska, but it is separated from the contiguous United States by Canada. If one considers the combined land area of all the territories of the United States, contiguous and non-contiguous, the country is the world’s third largest nation after Russia and China. The United States possesses deciduous forests, and also the flat and fertile Prairies. The Mississippi-Missouri river forms the world’s fourth longest river system. Also, there are the Rocky Mountains, as well as the deserts of Chihuahua and Mojave. There are active volcanoes in Alaska, and volcanic islands in Hawaii. The Unites States is home to the most number of eco-regions in the world.
There are an incredible number of automobiles on the roads of America. These public roads span a network of more than six million kilometers. The world’s longest highway system can be found in this country. These highways cover more than ninety thousand kilometers. Because the United States has the second-largest automobile market, it has the highest per-capita vehicle ownership in the world. There are almost eight hundred personal vehicles per thousand Americans. Only nine percent of the work-related transit is done through mass transit system. The national intercity passenger rail system is Amtrak. The civil airline industry in America is totally owned by private individuals. However, almost all major airports are publicly owned. The three largest airlines in the world are America based. Sixteen of the world’s fifty busiest airports are in the country.
The First Amendment of the constitution of the United States guarantees the freedom of practicing one’s religion. Christianity is the most commonly practiced religion in the country. Religion has played an important role in American lives for a long time. In a poll conducted in 2013, fifty-six percent of Americans attested to this fact. However, like other developed Western countries, the United States of America is becoming less religious with time. Latest polls show that the confidence of Americans in organized religions has been declining for quite some time now. In 2012, the Protestant share of the country’s population dropped to forty-eight percent. Since then, Protestantism has not been the religion that majority of the Americans practice. Apart from Christianity, the other religions that are practiced in the U.S. are Judaism, Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism. It is important to note that in a recently conducted survey, twenty-three percent of Americans described themselves as agnostic, atheist, or having no religion at all.
Politics and Economy:
The United States is the world’s oldest surviving federation. It has a representative democracy, where the government is regulated by a system of checks and balances defined by the constitution of the United States. There are three levels of governance in the country- federal, state and local. The federal government comprises of three branches- the Legislative, the Executive and the Judicial. The Legislative is headed by the Congress, the Executive by the President and the Judicial by the Supreme Court. The House of Representatives has four hundred and thirty-five voting members, and the senate has hundred. The President is not elected by direct vote, but by an indirect system of electoral college. The two major political parties are the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. Donald trump is currently the President of the United States. He is from the Republican Party.
The country has a capitalist-mixed economy. The country has high productivity and an abundance of natural resources. It is the largest importer and second largest exporter of goods. Consumer spending comprises of almost seventy percent of the economy. The private sector industries constitute eighty-seven percent of the economy.
The United States of America has very pleasant summers, although in certain places it can be extreme. International students can go to the country after completing high school, to graduate, or pursue Masters, or any other post graduate degree programmes. The country offers a high living standard, and students can choose to work there after completion of their higher studies. In many cases, the tuition fee is free for international students. Also, the courses are conducted in English. Hence, for Indian students, study abroad USA is a very attractive academic option. To know more about the requirements, to get answers to the why and how, and for more tips, feel free to get in touch with us!